An action, event, or force that produces or contributes to an effect or result. Also called causation.
The ground or reason for a choice made or action taken.
A matter to be decided by a court.but-for cause
. A cause without which the events or results that follow could not occur. Also called causa sine qua non. See also , , and .concurrent cause
One of multiple causes that simultaneously produce an effect or result that no single cause could.
One of multiple causes that simultaneously produce an effect or result that any one of the causes could have produced alone.for cause
In support of a request made or an action taken. See also and .good cause
A substantial or legally sufficient reason for a choice made or action taken or for seeking a particular court order. What constitutes good cause usually rests upon the circumstances of a particular situation. See also insufficient cause.immediate cause
The last of a series of causes, although not necessarily the proximate cause, of an effect or result.insufficient cause
. An insubstantial or legally insufficient reason for a choice made or action taken or for seeking a particular court order. See also .intervening cause
A contributing cause that arises or occurs after the initial action, event, or force and alters the sequence of later actions, events, or forces to produce a final effect or result. For example, if a person walks into a ditch, the digging of the ditch is the initial (that is, but-for) action, and the subsequent removal of the barricade and warning signs that kept people away is the intervening cause. Also called supervening cause.legal cause
See proximate cause.proximate cause
A cause that directly, without the contribution of any subsequent action, event, or force, produces an effect or result, and without which the effect or result would not have occurred. Furthermore, the effect or result produced by the proximate cause would have occurred even if there were a subsequent action, event, or force that contributed to the eventual effect or result. For example, if a person is fatally injured in an accident, the cause of the accident is the proximate cause of his death and not the poor medical care they received after the accident. Also called causa proxima, direct cause, efficient cause, and legal cause. See also .remote cause
A cause that contributes to, but is not necessary for, the production of an effect or result. See also .sole cause
The only cause responsible for the production of an effect or result.superseding cause
A cause that arises or occurs after the initial action, event, or force, and so substantially alters the sequence of later actions, events, or forces that the persons responsible for all previous causes are not liable for the final effect or result, even if their own actions were a substantial factor in bringing about the final effect or result. For example, a parent may be negligent for letting her 14-year-old child drive a car, but the subsequent theft of the vehicle from the child would absolve the parent of liability for any damages or injuries caused by the thief’s use of the vehicle.supervening cause